Download Representation Theory A First Course
In previous courses you have seen that group actions describe symmetries. For example, the symmetry group of a square under orientation-preserving rigid motions is the cyclic group of order 4, while the corresponding symmetry group for a circle is the special orthogonal group SO(2) of rotations. In the latter case it is natural to think of the rotation by an angle θ as depending continuously or even smoothly (that is, infinitely differentiably) on the angle, and to make sense of this we want to equip the group with a smooth structure. Such "smooth" groups are called Lie groups (after Sophus Lie (1842-99), arguably the "greatest" Norwegian mathematician), and they play an important role in many areas of mathematics, including analysis, topology, differential geometry, representation theory, and even number theory, as well as in physics.
Download Representation Theory A First Course
The foundations for the general theory of Lie groups relies on a lot of prerequisite material from analysis, differential geometry, and topology. In this course, we will therefore focus on the special case of matrix groups. Roughly speaking, these are groups consisting of some class of matrices, with the group operation given by matrix multiplication. For such groups we can develop a much more elementary version of the basic theory, relying mainly on linear algebra and a bit of analysis. Moreover, the class of matrix groups actually includes most of the interesting examples of Lie groups.
In the first part of the course, our main goal is to show that many aspects of a (matrix) Lie group are controlled by a seemingly much simpler structure, its Lie algebra, which is a vector space with a certain type of multiplication operation that encodes the "infinitesimal" behaviour of the group. In the second part we will look at representations of Lie groups and Lie algebras (that is to say their linear actions on vector spaces), in particular in the special case of semisimple Lie algebras; we will also sketch the remarkable classification of semisimple Lie algebras in terms of root systems and Dynkin diagrams, which will reveal that we already know all the examples except for 5 "exceptional" cases. Finally, we will hopefully have time to look more explicitly at the representations of some of the "classical" semisimple Lie algebras/groups.
As Akhil had great success with his question, I'm going to ask one in a similar vein. So representation theory has kind of an intimidating feel to it for an outsider. Say someone is familiar with algebraic geometry enough to care about things like G-bundles, and wants to talk about vector bundles with structure group G, and so needs to know representation theory, but wants to do it as geometrically as possible.
So, in addition to the algebraic geometry, lets assume some familiarity with representations of finite groups (particularly symmetric groups) going forward. What path should be taken to learn some serious representation theory?
While I third the suggestion of Ginzburg and Chriss, I wouldn't call it a "second course." Maybe if what you really wanted to do was serious, Russian-style geometric representation theory, but otherwise you might want to try something a little less focused, like Knapp's "Lie Groups Beyond an Introduction."
My favorite book right now on representation theory is Claudio Procesi's Lie groups: an approach through invariants and representations. It is one of those rare books that manages to be just about as formal as needed without being overburdened by excessive pedantry. He gives a rather complete picture of both compact and algebraic groups and how they interplay, while doing a nice job of explaining the necessary background in algebraic geometry and functional analysis. He covers all the "standard" material on Young symmetrizers, Schur duality, representations of GL_n, semisimple Lie groups & algebras, as well as more advanced stuff like Schubert calculus and some basic geometric invariant theory. This book was the first place I started to feel like I was "getting" the big picture, after picking up bits and pieces from different places.
All of these recommendations are very good, and I'd like to add that the book D-Modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory (which you can download at the provided link if you have institutional access; otherwise you can get it from, say, Amazon) contains some very good introductory chapters (chapters 9, 10, and 11) on the various sorts of things one would want to know in representation theory and algebraic geometry. The whole book is quite good if you're interested in the D-modules/perverse sheaves side of the story, but even if you're not interested in that, those particular chapters might be of interest.
The best "first course" in representation theory is Fulton and Harris's book. I've only skimmed it, but Ginzburg and Chriss's book "Representation Theory and Complex Geometry" looks like a wonderful second course.
I ran across an excellent book by Lakshmibai and Brown called Flag Varieties: an Interplay of Geometry, Combinatorics, and Representation Theory. It seems like an excellent book for an algebraic geometer who is interested in representation theory and algebraic groups.
We develop a comprehensive theory of the stable representation categories of several sequences of groups, including the classical and symmetric groups, and their relation to the unstable categories. An important component of this theory is an array of equivalences between the stable representation category and various other categories, each of which has its own flavor (representation theoretic, combinatorial, commutative algebraic, or categorical) and offers a distinct perspective on the stable category. We use this theory to produce a host of specific results: for example, the construction of injective resolutions of simple objects, duality between the orthogonal and symplectic theories, and a canonical derived auto-equivalence of the general linear theory.
Developmental PsychologyBrunerBruner - Learning Theory in EducationBruner - Learning Theory in EducationBy Dr. Saul McLeod, updated 2019Bruner's IdeasLike Ausubel(and other cognitive psychologists), Bruner sees the learner as anactive agent; emphasising the importance of existing schemata inguiding learning.Bruner argues that students should discern forthemselves the structure of subject content - discovering the linksand relationships between different facts, concepts and theories(rather than the teacher simply telling them).Piaget and, to an extent, Ausubel, contended that the child must be ready, or made ready, for the subject matter. But Bruner contends just the opposite. According to his theory, the fundamental principles of any subject can be taught at any age, provided the material is converted to a form (and stage) appropriate to the child.The notion of a "spiral curriculum" embodies Bruner's ideas by "spiraling" through similar topics at every age, but consistent with the child's stage of thought.The aim of education should be to create autonomous learners (i.e., learning to learn).Cognitive growth involves an interaction between basic human capabilities and "culturally invented technologies that serve as amplifiers of these capabilities." These culturally invented technologies include not just obvious things such as computers and television, but also more abstract notions such as the way a culture categorizes phenomena, and language itself. Bruner would likely agree with Vygotsky that language serves to mediate between environmental stimuli and the individual's response.Bruner (1966) was concerned with how knowledge is represented and organized through different modes of thinking (or representation).if(typeof ez_ad_units!='undefined')ez_ad_units.push([[300,250],'simplypsychology_org-medrectangle-3','ezslot_19',193,'0','0']);__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-simplypsychology_org-medrectangle-3-0');
Bruner's constructivist theory suggests it is effective when faced with new material to follow a progression from enactive to iconic to symbolic representation; this holds true even for adult learners.
TEXT: A First Course in Noncommutative Rings 2nd Edition (Graduate Texts in Mathematics, Book 131), by Tsit-Yuen Lam, Springer (2001). The first edition of this book is available in the ETSU Sherrod Library (QA251.4.L36 1991).A solution manual for all problems in this book is available in Exercises in Classical Ring Theory, 2nd Edition (Problem Books in Mathematics), T. Y. Lam, NY: Springer (2003). This book is available by "online access" through the ETSU Sherrod Library. Search for the book with the online catalog and click on "Online access." You will be prompted for your username and password and then you can view the book. You can also print up to 100 pages or download them in PDF.A sequel to A First Course in Noncommutative Rings is Lam's Lectures on Modules and Rings (Graduate Texts in Mathematics, Book 189) Springer (1999). A solution manual to this book is Exercises in Modules and Rings (Problem Books in Mathematics) by Lam, NY: Springer (2007).We will also use some research papers which address polynomials and regular functions of a quaternionic variable. A list of such papers and additional references is available online:Noncommutative Ring Theory References.
A.D., D.H. and P.K. conceived of the project. A.D., A.J. and M.L. discovered the knot theory results, with D.Z. and N.T. running additional experiments. A.D., P.V. and G.W. discovered the representation theory results, with P.V. designing the model, L.B. running additional experiments, and C.B. providing advice and ideas. S.B. and R.T. provided additional support, experiments and infrastructure. A.D., D.H. and P.K. directed and managed the project. A.D. and P.V. wrote the paper with help and feedback from P.B., C.B., M.L., A.J., G.W., P.K. and D.H.
The following table indicates how advanced a course is(first, second, or third year graduate course in North American universities),and which courses are prerequisites for it (or would beuseful).LinkCourseYearRequiredUsefulVersionpdfcropeReaderGTGroup TheoryFirstJune 2021; v4.00; 139ppdf pdf v3.11FTFields and Galois TheoryFirstGTSept. 2022; v5.10; 144ppdf pdf v4.30AGAlgebraic GeometrySecondFTMarch 2017; v6.02; 221ppdf ANTAlgebraic Number TheorySecondGT, FTJuly 2020; v3.08; 166p pdf crop pdf v3.03MFModular Functions and Modular FormsSecondGT, FTANTMarch 2017; v1.31; 134ppdf crop ECElliptic CurvesSecondGT, FTANTSee booksAVAbelian varietiesThirdAG, ANTCFTMarch 2008; v2.00; 172ppdf crop LECLectures on Etale CohomologyThirdAGCFTMarch 2013; v2.21; 202ppdf crop CFTClass Field TheoryThirdANTAugust 2020; v4.03; 296ppdf crop CMComplex MultiplicationThirdANT, AVJuly 2020; v0.10; 108ppdf iAGAlgebraic GroupsThirdAGSee booksLAGLie Algebras, Algebraic Groups, and Lie GroupsThirdGT, FTAGMay 2013, v2.00; 186ppdf RGReductive GroupsThirdGT, FTAG, AGSMarch 2018, v2.00; 139ppdf